Global Developmental Delay (GDD) can be defined as a significant delay in two or more developmental domains namely, motor skills, speech and language, cognition, social emotional development, self-help skills. The extent of the delay can be classified as mild, moderate or severe, depending on how much lower the functional age is compared to the chronological age.
The prevalence rate is about 1 to 3 per cent. It is one of the common conditions associated with genetic and structural brain abnormalities. Undergoing a diagnosis helps to provide an explanation, define treatment options for your child. You can play a key role in helping and perhaps overcoming a global development delay.
What you can do:
- spend more time bonding, holding and responding to the child
- use simpler language so the child can understand
- give children extra time to play and practise skills
- engage the child using sensory, hands-on approach to learn
- break tasks down into smaller steps
- speak to the child’s teacher about the child’s needs
- let the child do enjoyable activities that he/she can succeed at, such as feeding a pet or helping with cooking
- be sure to praise your child when they do something well so that he/she will feel more confident about their abilities
Avoid comparing your child to others, just appreciate them as unique individuals.